Analytic Structure

TOPIC SENTENCE
Make a SOPHISTICATED claim about your topic. Make sure you summarize your ARGUMENT and ANALYSIS. DO NOT summarize the evidence.

INTRODUCE YOUR QUOTATION WITH CONTEXT
Tell us where the quotation is located in text. What happened just before? What will happen immediately afterward? Use words like “before”, “during”, or “after”. Look at the underlined portion below.

As the war between Scotland and Norway concludes, Macbeth is described by a captain as “xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx” (Act 1, Scene 2, line 41).

QUOTE & CITE THE QUOTATION PROPERLY
Remember, a quotation needs to be introduced by your own words. After the quotation, you need to explain where in the play the quotation came from by telling us the page number (or, for poetry, the line number). Look at the underlined portion below.

As the war between Scotland and Norway concludes, Macbeth is described by a captain as “cannons overcharged with double cracks, So they/ Doubly redoubled strokes upon the foe” (Act 1, Scene 2, lines 41-42).

PARAPHRASE/TRANSLATE THE QUOTATION
Simply explain what the quotation means in your own words. Paraphrase.

Here, the soldier simply means that Macbeth fought back against Norway’s larger forces with the explosive force of cannons and then redoubled his efforts on the battlefield.

EXPLAIN/ANALYZE THE QUOTATION
Below are helpful questions for analysis. YOU NEED AT LEAST THREE SENTENCES OF ANALYSIS.

  • What are the most important parts of the quotation?
  • How does this quotation connect to the theme of the text?
  • Is figurative language used (i.e. a metaphor, simile, symbol, foreshadowing)?
  • How does this quotation connect to a course concept that you’ve studied in class?

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